Today we are presenting the second and final part of Most Famous Fine Art Photographers and Their Immortal Art Photography post. In this post we are introducing world’s most famous fine art photographers biography with their magnificent famous awarded fine art photography. So please have a look…
Richard Avedon (1923-2004)
Richard Avedon was born on May 15, 1923 in New York City. His mother, Anna Avedon, came from a family of dress manufacturers, and his father, Jacob Israel Avedon, owned a clothing store called Avedon’s Fifth Avenue. Inspired by his parents’ clothing businesses, as a boy Avedon took a great interest in fashion, especially enjoying photographing the clothes in his father’s store. At the age of 12, he joined the YMHA (Young Men’s Hebrew Association) Camera Club.
He was the recipient of numerous awards and honors, including the University of California, Berkeley, Chancellor’s Citation (1980); Harvard University, Certificate of Recognition (1986-87); Royal College of Art, London, Honorary Doctorate (1989); Erna and Victor Hasselblad Foundation International Photography Prize (1991); the International Center of Photography Master of Photography Award (1993); induction into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (2001); the Royal Photographic Society 150th Anniversary Medal (2003); the Arts & Business Council Award for Outstanding Achievement in the Visual Arts (2003); and Americans for the Arts National Arts Award for Lifetime Achievement (2003).
On September 25, 2004, he suffered a brain hemorrhage in San Antonio, Texas while shooting an assignment for The New Yorker. He died in San Antonio on October 1. At the time of his death, Avedon was working on a new project entitled “On Democracy.” The project focused on the run-up to the 2004 U.S. presidential election, and featured portraits of the candidates, delegates to the national nominating conventions, and others.
Richard Avedon Photography :-
Diane Arbus (1923-1971)
Diane Arbus was born on March 14, 1923, in New York City. An artistic youth, she learned photography from her husband, actor Allan Arbus. Her raw, unusual images of the people she saw while living in New York created a unique and interesting portrayal of the city.
Diane Arbus was known for her black and white portraits of eccentrics, carnival performers and, as she put it, “freaks.” The daughter of well-to-do fur merchants; she married her teenage sweetheart, Allan Arbus, soon after she turned 18. Together they had a fashion photography business for more than a decade, but in 1959 they ended their partnership and marriage and Diane began studying fine art photography. In the 1960s she worked as a photojournalist, received two Guggenheim fellowships (1963 and 1966) and received critical praise for her vaguely disturbing portraits of society’s fringe members. After her 1971 suicide, a national touring exhibit by the Museum of Modern Art and a book of her photographs by Aperture magazine made her one of the most famous fine art photographers in the U.S. Her most famous photos include Child with a toy hand grenade in Central Park, N.Y.C., 1962 and Identical Twins, Roselle, N.J., 1967.
She committed suicide in her New York City apartment on July 26, 1971. Her work remains a subject of intense interest, and her life was the basis of the 2006 film Fur, starring Nicole Kidman as Arbus.
Diane Arbus Photography:-
David Hockney (1937)
David Hockney (born in Bradford, England, on July 9, 1937) has often been regarded as a playboy of the art world. He has lascivious relationships, and he has run among strange and crazy artistic circles. Yet he has always retained a sense of stability in his life through his constant and tireless devotion to his work. Hockney is an artist that has always enjoyed success and praise, facing little to no hardship in his career. What is interesting about his life is not the problems he has encountered, but the strides he has taken to bypass much human suffering and malaise. He loved books and was interested in art from an early age, admiring Picasso, Matisse and Fragonard. His parents encouraged their son’s artistic exploration, and gave him the freedom to doodle and daydream.
While in California Hockey taught at the University of California, Berkeley and created some of his most iconic works including the California Dreaming series and Mr. and Mrs. Clark and Percy. He also painted a series of swimming pools that illustrate reflections and splashes of water on canvas. Along with his paintings and drawings Hockney began to produce works in 1970 which he called joiners. These works are essentially photomontages that present objects and landscapes from multiple angles and times which are then fixed together on one flat, two dimensional surfaces very much in a Cubist style. This homage to Cubism was intentional and reflects Hockney’s deep admiration for Picasso. In 2009 Hockney’s iconic painting Beverly Hills Housewife, 1966-67 from the California Dreaming series garnered $7.9 million at auction, a record for Hockney and a confirmation of his strong position in the Contemporary market.
David Hockney Photography:-
William Eggleston (1939)
William Eggleston was born in 1939 in Memphis, Tennessee and raised in Sumner, Mississippi. He studied at Vanderbilt University, Delta State College and the University of Mississippi. His work has been the subject of numerous solo and group exhibitions worldwide including “William Eggleston and the Color Tradition,” the J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles (1999); “William Eggleston,” Foundation Cartier, Paris (2001, traveled to Hayward Gallery, London); Documenta 11, Kassel, Germany (2002); “William Eggleston: Los Alamos,” Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany (2002, traveled to Museu de Arte Contemporanea de Serravles, Portugal; National Museum for Contemporary Art, Oslo, Norway; Louisiana Museum of Art, Humlebaek, Denmark; Albertina, Vienna, Austria; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, California; Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, Texas through 2005); and “William Eggleston: Democratic Camera, Photographs and Video 1961–2008,” Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (2008, traveled to the Haus de Kunst, Munich; the Corcoran Gallery, Washington, D.C.; and the Art Institute of Chicago through 2010).
William Eggleston is one of the most influential photographers of the last half-century. Hailed as the father of colour photography, his ability to find beauty in the banal has changed the way we look at the world. Along with Gary Winogrand and Lee Friedlander, Eggleston forms part of a generation of post-war photographers whose works liberated the medium from the restrictive rules and conventions of the period. A Southerner raised on a cotton plantation in the Mississippi Delta, Eggleston has created a singular portrait of his native South. His colour prints monumentalise the everyday: the parking lots, diners, motel rooms and lives of the people of his native environment. Behind Eggleston’s deceptive casualness lies an acute and instinctive sense of colour and form, and under his gaze the ordinary is invested with powerful significance.
William Eggleston Photography:-
Robert Mapplethorpe (1946-1989)
Robert Mapplethorpe was born in 1946 in Floral Park, Queens and He widely recognized as a giant of late 20th century photograph and also best known for his large-scale, highly stylized black and white portraits of flowers and nude men. His depiction of frank, homosexual eroticism continues to incite controversy and has raised questions of censorship in art at various points.
Robert Mapplethorpe became one of the most well known American photographers of the 20th century. He began taking photographs in the 1970s using a Polaroid camera and showed his work for the first time at the Light Gallery, New York, in 1973. In 1976, he purchased a Hasselbald medium-format camera and, working primarily in the studio, began producing large-scale still lifes (of subjects such as lilies and skulls), interiors, nudes, portraits and self-portraits. His studio-based work is notable for its great formal precision. Mapplethorpe also photographed his circle of friends and celebrities, including Patti Smith, and he occasionally produced pictures for Andy Warhol’s Interview magazine. In the late 1970s, he documented the New York sadomasochistic scene and published the X Portfolio in 1978 (a group of thirteen silver gelatin prints depicting homoerotic and sadomasochistic subjects). In 1988, the inclusion of some of these explicit images in his major retrospective at the Whitney Museum of American Art ignited a fierce public debate in America about censorship and the public funding of the arts. Several series of his photographs were collated into now-famous books, including Lady, Lisa Lyon with Bruce Chatwin (1983), Black Book with Ntozake Shange (1986), 50 New York Artists (1986), Some Women with Joan Didion (1989) and Flowers (1990).
Mapplethorpe died from AIDS on March 9, 1989, in Boston, at age 42. Since that time, his work has been the subject of numerous exhibitions in galleries and museums throughout the world, including major traveling retrospectives. Robert Mapplethorpe’s work is widely collected, and he is considered by many art scholars to be among the most important American photographers of the latter half of the twentieth century.
Robert Mapplethorpe Photography:-
Keith Carter (1948)
Keith Carter is known for his enigmatic photographs that reveal extraordinary observations taken from everyday life in the surrounding area near the artist’s East Texas home. He is one of the most renowned fine-art/editorial photographers working today.
Keith Carter was born in 1948, in Madison, Wisconsin and holds the Endowed Walles Chair of Performing and Visual Arts at Lamar University in Beaumont, Texas and he is among an increasing list of artists working in the South whose photographs reveal a people and place so often fictionalized in literature. In the 1930s and 40s, Clarence John Laughlin, Ralph Eugene Meatyard, Eudora Welty and members of the F.S.A. captured our hearts with images that helped define the photographic story — images that exposed and examined a region that was quickly changing. William Christenberry, William Eggleston, Walker Evans and James Agee helped expose the horrors of racism and poverty that confronted people living in the South in the 1950s and 60s. The 1980s and 90s saw an emergence of artists from the South who continue to create picture stories — images that reveal timeless narratives and how people live and the nuances that shape their lives.
Keith Carter has emerged as one of the most respected artists among this group whose commitment to the people and places of Southeast Texas is unparalleled. Still residing in Beaumont, Carter decided to challenge himself and go beyond the confines of the rural roads he knows so well, traveling to Italy, France, Wales and other places in Europe, in search of truths. The result of his efforts can be seen in one of his latest books, Holding Venus, which shows that Carter’s South, where people and places reveal themselves with total honesty, can also be found in some of the most photographed regions around the world. Tackling such photographic clichés as the Eiffel Tower, Gondoliers in Venice, Notre Dame and The Tuileries Gardens, Carter proves that his vision translates across oceans. Using selective focus to highlight a gesture, person or place, Carter creates powerful images of international icons in a fresh and unique way that is unequaled among photographers working today.
Keith Carter Photography:-
Jane Fulton Alt (1951)
Award winning photographer, Jane Fulton was born in Chicago on May 26th 1951, began photographing in 1993 after 27 years in the field of clinical social work. Photography complimented her social work practice as another way of understanding the human experience. Her photographic interest is in the non-material world, exploring that which is universal to people of all cultures.
Jane Fulton Alt is an American photographer who explores universal issues of humanity, reflecting her interest in the mysteries of life and the non material world. Her photographs ask us to consider issues of love, loss and spirituality. Fulton Alt is also a clinical social worker who has been in practice since the 1970s.
Fulton Alt’s work has been widely published, featured on several book covers, and can be found in the permanent collections of the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston; the New Orleans Museum of Art; Beinecke Library at Yale University; the University of Illinois Comer Archive; Centro Fotografico Alvarez Bravo in Oaxaca, Mexico; the Center for Photography at Woodstock; the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center; the De Paul University Art Museum; Wilmette (Illinois) Public Library, and the Dancing Bear Collection of William Hunt. She is the recipient of the 2007 Illinois Arts Council Fellowship Award, as well as the 2007 and 2008 Ragdale Foundation Fellowship Awards.
From October through December 2009, Fulton Alt will be exhibiting her Look and Leave series at the Chicago Cultural Center.
Jane Fulton Alt Photography:-
Sally Mann (1951)
Sally Mann was born in Lexington, Virginia in 1951. She has always remained close to her roots. She has photographed in the American South since the 1970s, producing series on portraiture, architecture, landscape and still life. She is perhaps best known for her intimate portraits of her family, her young children and her husband, and for her evocative and resonant landscape work in the American South. Her work has attracted controversy at times, but it has always been influential, and since her the time of her first solo exhibition, at the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington D.C., in 1977, she has attracted a wide audience.
Sally Mann studied photography at Putney School, Vermont, from 1966 to 1969; Bennington College, Vermont; and Friends World College (now Long Island University Global), Brooklyn, New York. She received a BA in English and creative writing from Hollins College (now Hollins University), Roanoke, Virginia, in 1974, and an MA in writing a year later. Mann’s study of photography began with a nude image of a classmate at Putney, and nudes, along with landscape and the exploration of adolescence, became one of the bases for subsequent bodies of work.
She is an award-winning American photographer, wife and mother. While her work is, at times, controversial, Sally Mann photographs promote thought and discussion. They can be found in the permanent collections of many museums across the country. She has received numerous awards, including NEA, NEH, and Guggenheim Foundation grants, and her work is held by major institutions internationally. Her many books include Second Sight (1983), At Twelve (1988), Immediate Family (1992), Still Time (1994), What Remains (2003), Deep South (2005), Proud Flesh (2009), and The Flesh and the Spirit (2010). A feature film about her work, What Remains, debuted to critical acclaim in 2006. Mann is represented by Gagosian Gallery, New York and Edwynn Houk Gallery, New York.
Website : sallymann.com
Sally Mann Photography:-
Cindy Sherman (1954)
Cindy Sherman was born January 19, 1954 in Glen Ridge, New Jersey. She is an American photographer and film director known for her conceptual self-portraits. She studied art at Buffalo State College (1972–6), concentrating on photography, which she maintained is the appropriate medium of expression in our media-dominated civilization. Her photographs are portraits of herself in various scenarios that parody stereotypes of woman. Panoply of characters and settings is drawn from sources of popular culture: old movies, television soaps and pulp magazines. Sherman rapidly rose to celebrity status in the international art world during the early 1980s with the presentation of a series of untitled ‘film stills’ in various group and solo exhibitions across America and Europe.
Throughout her career, Sherman has appropriated numerous visual genres—including the film still, centerfold, fashion photograph, historical portrait, and soft-core sex image—while disrupting the operations that work to define and maintain their respective codes of representation. In addition to numerous group exhibitions, her work was the subject of solo exhibitions at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam (1982), Whitney Museum of American Art in New York (1987), Basel Kunsthalle (1991), Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, D.C. (1995), Serpentine Gallery in London (2003), and Martin-Gropius-Bau in Berlin (2006), among others. Major traveling retrospectives of Sherman’s work have been organized by the Museum Boymans-van Beuningen in Rotterdam (1996), Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles (1997), Museum of Modern Art in New York (1997), and Jeu de Paume in Paris (2007). Sherman lives in New York.
Cindy Sherman Photography:-
Andreas Gursky (1955)
Andreas Gursky was born January 15, 1955. He is a famous German visual artist, who known for his large format architecture and landscape color photographs, often employing a high point of view.
From about 1988 Gursky increased the size of his photographs, which he had printed by a commercial lab. In the 1990s he used the largest size of photographic paper on the market; by 2000 he was combining sheets to produce images larger than six by fifteen feet. It was at this time that Gursky also began to use digital technology for retouching and for altering his negatives. For some works, such as architectural subjects, he moved the camera between shots and then combined the negatives on the computer to make seamless, often panoramalike, images. In 2001 he finished Stockholder Meeting, which represented a new stage in his work, characterized by entirely digital fabrication. Over the past decade, the subjects of his large-scale, manipulated photographs have included landscapes, archaeological sites, and throngs of people congregated in a variety of disparate sites from raves to the stock exchange.
In 1994 an exhibition of Gursky’s work from 1984 to 1993 was presented at the Deichtorhallen Hamburg and the De Appel Foundation, Amsterdam. The Kunsthalle Düsseldorf presented a mid-career retrospective of his work in 1998. The Museum of Modern Art organized another retrospective in 2001. In 2007, two major traveling museum exhibitions of his work were organized by Kunstmuseum Basel and Haus der Kunst in Munich. His work has been seen in international exhibitions, including the Internationale Foto-Triennale in Esslingen (1989 and 1995), the Venice Biennale (1990 and 2004), and the Biennale of Sydney (1996 and 2000). Gursky has won several awards, among them the 1988 Förderpreis des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen für junge Künstler, the 1998 Citibank Private Bank Photography Prize, and the 2001 Infinity Award for Art from the International Center of Photography, New York.
Rhein II, an image by Andreas Gursky, fetched $4.3m at Christie’s, New York on November 8, 2011, becoming the most expensive photograph ever sold in the world.
Andreas Gursky Photography:-
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